Various types of arthritis can result in knee pain. Older adults are more likely to experience osteoarthritis where flexible tissue at the end of bones wears down over time, resulting in chronic pain. Rheumatoid arthritis, which causes inflammation of the synovial membrane, can also be another reason for pain and stiffness in knee joints. Depending on the extent of damage, your doctor may suggest a knee replacement surgery. Also known as knee arthroplasty, a knee replacement surgery involves removing the damaged bone and cartilage and replacing them with metal implants. The aim of the procedure is to resurface damaged portions of the knee joint and relieve knee pain that cannot be treated in any other way.
Apart from elderly patients with osteoarthritis, knee replacement surgery may be an option for athletes in Singapore to recover from traumatic arthritis which causes damage to the cartilage of the knee due to injury and resume sports activities.
How Knee Replacement Surgery is Performed?
Prior to the surgery, general anaesthesia may be administered to put you to sleep during the procedure. Alternatively, you may opt for spinal or epidural anaesthesia to block any sensation in the lower half of the body. However, bear in mind that you will remain awake while undergoing knee replacement surgery.
Once the anaesthesia takes effect, your doctor will make a cut down your knee to access the joint. They will then remove the damaged parts of the knee before fitting the metal implants in. There may be three implants, in total, to be attached to the femur, tibia, and patella surfaces in your knee. To complete the knee replacement surgery, a plastic articular spacer will be positioned between the metal components to improve implant stability.
Get Knee Replacement Surgery in Singapore Now
If you find that your knee pain is not getting any better, or you’ve had an injury that deformed your joints, it may be time to consider knee replacement surgery. Book an appointment with Dr Gowreeson today from Orthofoot MD Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic to seek timely and appropriate treatment for your knee pain including common knee injuries such as meniscus injury.
If you are suffering from pain in any other joints such as hips or shoulders, you can consult our qualified orthopaedic surgeon who will thoroughly assess your condition for hip replacement surgery or shoulder tendon pain treatment.
Furthermore, our surgeon can also assist you with other painful conditions related to your foot or ankle through appropriate procedures which may include bunion surgery, treatment for plantar fasciitis and other surgeries.
Frequently Asked Questions About Knee Replacement Surgery in Singapore
1. When Do You Need Knee Replacement Surgery?
The most common condition that requires knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis, a condition that is characterised by the breakdown of joint cartilage. Other forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis arising from a knee injury, may also result in knee joint degeneration. Hence, younger people who do sports regularly in Singapore may also suffer from knee ailments that may require surgery. In this case, you can consult our sports injury doctor based in Singapore to find a suitable treatment for your condition.
Surgery is usually recommended when non-surgical knee treatments fail to alleviate the pain. Depending on your condition, a partial or total knee replacement may be recommended. You may also need revision surgery 15 to 20 years after the initial surgery to repair worn-out prostheses.
2. How Long is the Recovery Process for a Knee Replacement Surgery?
Patients typically stay in the hospital for 3 to 5 days after the knee replacement surgery, depending on the complexity of the procedure. You will be able to stand up with the help of crutches within 12 to 24 hours of the surgery, and you may continue to need crutches until around 6 weeks after the surgery. Painkillers will be prescribed to help you manage the pain, and it may take up to 3 months for the pain to completely subside. Full recovery may take at least a year.
3. Can I Still Do Sports After Knee Replacement Surgery?
Yes, with proper recovery and rehabilitation, you will be able to go back to playing sports after the procedure. In fact, resuming sports activities post-surgery may result in stronger knee functions than those who avoid exercise after the surgery, because staying active helps to build up muscles and knee support structures. Your orthopaedic surgeon in Singapore will advise you further.
4. Is It Worth Getting a Knee Replacement Surgery?
Knee replacement surgery can help in relieving pain caused by osteoarthritis and other forms of arthritis as a result of knee injury. If the pain gets unbearable and interferes with your daily activities, you may consider knee replacement surgery as an option to treat your condition. Three to six weeks after your knee surgery, you will be able to perform most of your daily activities like before. You can book an appointment with our doctor in Singapore for a thorough evaluation and get appropriate treatment for your knee condition.
5. Can You Climb Stairs After Knee Replacement Surgery?
After knee replacement surgery, it is not advisable to immediately start climbing stairs. Once you are discharged from the hospital after a few days of your surgery, you may start climbing stairs safely with the help of crutches. It is recommended to start by going up with the good leg and step down with the operated one. You may be required to continue using crutches for a few more weeks, depending on your condition. As you get stronger, you will be able to climb stairs normally.
6. Which Surgery is the Best for Knee Replacement?
Doctors at OrthofootMD in Singapore may recommend partial or total knee replacement depending on the condition of your knee pain. Partial knee replacement is done when a knee is damaged due to osteoarthritis, but is confined to one compartment. Hence, only the damaged part is required to be replaced. However, if your knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury, your doctor may advise for total knee replacement surgery.
Dr Gowreeson Thevendran is currently an orthopaedic surgeon with Island Orthopaedic, a one-stop care centre for orthopaedic health under Healthway Medical Group. He specialises in treating lower limb orthopaedic conditions, as well as trauma and fracture surgery of both the upper and lower limbs. Prior to establishing his private practice, Dr Gowreeson was Chief of Foot & Ankle Surgery at the Department of Orthopaedics at Tan Tok Seng Hospital (TTSH). Today, he continues to serve the Orthopaedic Department at TTSH as a visiting consultant.