In a hip replacement surgery, damaged parts of the hip are replaced with artificial joint components, which are designed to mimic the natural movements of the hip joint. The type of prostheses used may vary according to the patient’s needs, but most prostheses comprise two components: the femoral component, which has a stem that extends into a canal in your thigh bone, and the acetabular component, which is placed within your socket. These artificial joints will help reduce pain and improve your daily function. Materials used in the procedure may include synthetic polymers, metal alloys and ceramics.
Hip revision surgery may be required 10 - 15 years after the initial surgery due to loosening or wearing out of the prostheses.
How Hip Replacement Surgery is Performed
Hip replacement surgeries in Singapore usually begin with administering an anesthetic before the surgery. You will either be given a general anaesthetic, which will put you in a sleep-like state throughout the surgery, or a spinal block, which numbs the lower half of your body to block pain. During the hip replacement procedure, the surgeon will make an incision in your hip area and proceed to remove the damaged joint surfaces. The new artificial joint will be positioned in place and then secured with screws or other medical fasteners. The procedure will usually take one or two hours.
After the procedure, you may be prescribed blood-thinning medication and given compression stockings to prevent blood clot formation in your legs. A physiotherapist will also recommend exercises to help you regain your strength and mobility.
Get Hip Replacement Surgery in Singapore
Frequently Asked Questions About Hip Replacement Surgery in Singapore
1. When do you need a hip replacement?
A hip replacement surgery may be necessary if you have conditions that cause damage to the hip joint, such as the following:
- Rheumatoid arthritis: A type of inflammation that can erode cartilage and underlying bone, resulting in joint damage and deformities.
- Osteoarthritis: The most common form of arthritis that damages the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of bones and allows smooth movement of the joints.
- Osteonecrosis: A condition caused by disease or severe trauma that affects the blood supply to the bone. It can also occur without trauma or disease.
You may also need hip replacement surgery if you have pain that persists despite medication, worsens with walking and interferes with your sleep. To know more about your condition, you can read our articles to learn about hip replacement and other procedures in Singapore.
2. Is a hip replacement a major operation?
Yes, it is considered a major operation. Hip replacement surgery is usually not the first option for people who struggle with chronic pain and mobility issues. However, it may be necessary if other treatments such as physiotherapy fail to produce relief or improvement in your condition.
3. How long will I take to recover from hip replacement surgery?
On average, patients take about two to four weeks to heal from a hip replacement surgery. However, every individual is different and recovery times may vary depending on age, pre-existing conditions and other health and lifestyle factors.
Dr Gowreeson Thevendran is currently an orthopaedic surgeon with Island Orthopaedic, a one-stop care centre for orthopaedic health under Healthway Medical Group. He specialises in treating lower limb orthopaedic conditions, as well as trauma and fracture surgery of both the upper and lower limbs. Prior to establishing his private practice, Dr Gowreeson was Chief of Foot & Ankle Surgery at the Department of Orthopaedics at Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH). Today, he continues to serve the Orthopaedic Department at TTSH as a visiting consultant.