The knee is the largest and one of the most used joints in the body, making it more prone to injury. Common knee injuries include collateral ligament injury and meniscus injury.
What Is Collateral Ligament Injury?
Collateral ligament injuries, also known as knee ligament sprains, are usually caused by a force that forces the knees sideways. Collateral ligaments are found on the sides of your knee: the medial or “inside” collateral ligament (MCL) connects the femur to the tibia, while the lateral or “outside” collateral ligament (LCL) connects the femur to the smaller bone in the lower leg. The collateral ligaments enable the sideways movement of your knee and brace it against unusual movement.
Athletes who participate in contact sports like football and hockey are more vulnerable to collateral ligament injuries. Symptoms can include:
- Swelling at the injury site
- Stiffness of the knee joint – knee locking may arise in some cases.
- Pain or soreness at the sides of the knee
- Instability of the knee joint – the feeling that your knee is about to buckle and collapse
What Is Meniscus Injury?
The meniscus is a piece of cartilage in your knee that cushions and stabilises the joint and protects the bones from wear and tear. Meniscus tears occur when one of these pieces of cartilage in your knee is injured or torn and typically arise from forceful twisting or rotation of the knee.
While athletes are at higher risk of meniscus injury, anyone can suffer from meniscus tears. Even simple motions like deep squatting, kneeling and lifting a heavyweight can result in such knee injuries. Older persons who are more likely to have degenerative changes in the knee are more prone to tearing the meniscus.
Symptoms of meniscus injury can include:
- Clicking or popping sounds
- Knee pain, especially when twisting or rotating the knee
- Instability of the knee joint
- Feeling like your knee is locked when you try to move it
- Difficulty in straightening your knee fully
Get Your Knee Injury Treated in Singapore Now
If you are experiencing persistent knee pain, swelling or any of the symptoms described above, we recommend seeing an orthopaedic specialist as soon as possible. Our specialists at Orthofoot MD Singapore will assess your condition with specific tests, such as bending or twisting the knee to check for cartilage damage and knee instability. Further testing with X-rays, CT scans or MRIs may be performed to assess for fractures and soft-tissue damage to the ligaments and cartilage. Depending on your condition, our specialists will recommend treatment such as knee immobilisation or splinting. In more severe cases, cartilage surgery may be required. Book an appointment with us today.